For a long time, people have relied on medical care to help them recover from illness or injury. Antibiotics and vaccinations are two examples of major advances that have greatly benefited human health and in some cases even contributed to the complete eradication of once-pervasive infectious illnesses.
Although diseases still hold the upper hand, modern medicine has improved the quality of life for the majority of the population. Malaria and HIV are two examples of diseases for which no vaccinations exist. And although they can be helped with treatment, chronic conditions like heart disease, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, and osteoporosis are a constant source of pain and disability. There is no foolproof treatment for these problems. All too often, the best we can do is treat the symptoms.One field with the potential to alter this is regenerative medicine, which investigates the underlying causes of diseases
Defining regenerative medicine.
Regenerative medicine is an emerging field that integrates biological and engineering concepts to create treatments for conditions marked by cell death, tissue loss, or organ dysfunction. Regenerative medicine’s overarching goal is to replace, repair, or regenerate damaged tissue using the body’s own natural processes (such as stem cells) for doing so. Bio powered technologies utilized in regenerative medicine include organoids, 3D organ printing, and tissue engineering.
Exactly what is it that proponents of regenerative medicine hope to accomplish?
Scientists at the Institute for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine (ISCRM) have shown that it is feasible to rebuild heart muscle in big primates using stem cells, opening the door for new treatments. Green represents heart muscle that has been regenerated.
Harmful cell depletion is the first stage in the development of many common chronic illnesses. Diseases like Alzheimer’s and heart disease are linked to the elimination of healthy brain and heart tissue, while type 1 diabetes is characterized by the inability of pancreatic cells to make insulin. Rapid cell division is at the root of the cancerous disease.
By stimulating the body’s endogenous repair mechanisms, such as the ability to replace damaged cells and tissue and resume normal functioning, regenerative medicine offers hope for a permanent solution to the disease. Brain, heart, pancreas, liver, kidney, eye, ear, and muscle cell regeneration are all areas of study at many institutes.
Regenerative medicine aspires to create a new generation of medicines that go beyond symptom treatment in order to enhance the quality of life of patients living with crippling chronic diseases.
Which Methods Make Use of Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine?
Researchers studying the potential of Stem Cell Therapy to treat patients employ stem cells as a potent instrument of discovery. Currently, ISCRM scientists are launching heart tissue into space to examine the impact of microgravity on cardiorespiratory fitness, testing stem cell-based therapeutics that potentially replace injured or lost heart tissue, and studying the development of heart illnesses using stem cells. In order to investigate diseases and evaluate regenerative treatments without using animals or human patients, many experts have turned to stem cells to develop 3D organ models called organoids.